Mount Kilimanjaro

ABOUT MOUNT KILIMANJARO MARANGU ROUTE

Known as the “Coca-Cola” route, Marangu approaches Kilimanjaro from the southeast. It is the oldest, most well established route. Many favor Marangu because it is considered to be the easiest route on the mountain, given its gradual slope and direct path. The minimum days required for this route is five, although the probability of successfully reaching the top in that time period is quite low. Spending an extra acclimatization day on the mountain is highly recommended.
Marangu is the only route which offers sleeping huts in dormitory style accomodations.

After breakfast and briefing, drive to the Kilimanjaro National Park Gate for about an hour, register and commence the climb. Walk for 3-4 hours through the rain forest to the Mandara Hut 2,700m. A side trip to Maundi Crater, is a good way to see the surroundings including Northern Tanzania and Kenya. In the rainy forest, look for towering eucalyptus trees, bird life and Colobus monkeys.
You leave the glades of the rain forest and follow an ascending path on the open moorlands to the Horombo Hut 3,700m. Views of Mawenzi and the summit of Kibo are amazing. Look for giant lobelias and grounsels. That is the 5-6 hours walk, and you may begin to feel the effects of the altitude.
Ascending, we now pass the last watering point, walking onto the saddle of Kilimanjaro between the peaks of Kibo and Mawenzi. Vegetation begins with upper heathland but then into ‘moonscape’. It is another 5-6 hours walk, dinner, rest and prepare for summit climb.
Very early in the morning (midnight), commence the climb to the summit on steep and heavy scree or snow up to Gilman’s point located on the crater rim. Continue ascending to Uhuru Peak (5.895m), which is the highest point in Africa. There are unbelievable views at every turn. Have your picture taken at the summit. From here we descend with stop over for lunch and short rest at Kibo before continuing on for Horombo Hut.
The beginning of this climb is done in the dark and requires headlamps or flashlights. It will be cold until you start descending, so you will need all of your warm layers. This is by far the most difficult part of the trek with many switchbacks. Going “pole pole” and an optimistic attitude will get you there.
After breakfast, a steady descent takes us down through moorland to the Mandara Hut. Continue descending through lush forest path to the National Park gate at Marangu. At lower elevations, it can be wet and muddy. Gaiters and trekking poles will help. Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear so keep rain gear and warmer clothing handy.
A vehicle will meet you at Marangu village to drive you back to the hotel in Moshi for about an hour. Remember to tip your guides and porters. It is time to ‘sing and dance’…!

Related Climbing Itineraries



NOTE: Prices are per person in U.S. Dollars based on double/triple occupancy. All quotations are based on the current rates of park fees, VAT, other government taxes, and current exchange rates. Should any of these be increased or a new tax introduced, these increases will be added on even if your trip has already been paid for.


MAP OFMARANGU ROUTE

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT MT.KILIMANJARO CLIMBING

You can climb Kilimanjaro at any time of the year, but certain months are better than others. We recommend best to climb Mount Kilimanjaro during the driest months We avoid April and November as these are the main rainy seasons, making the trails more diffucult.
The recommend time to climb Kilimanjaro are the months of January through early-March and June through October. The clear skies, great views, and the sunshine makes it the best comfortable hiking conditions. However, there is always the possibility of weather changing dramatically, regardless of the season.
There are 7 main Mount Kilimanjaro routes (Lemosho,Machame, Marangu,Rongai, Shira,Umbwe and Northern Circuit) which lead to the summit, Uhuru Peak, one of which starts on the Northern side of the mountain and the rest on the Southern side. After making the decision to climb Kilimanjaro, you’ll need to choose your route.
The one question we are asked more often than any other is which is the best route to climb Kilimanjaro. And the answer depends on what you want. Here are our winners
Highest success rate and overall best route to climb Kilimanjaro
If you want the highest chance of summiting the best route to climb Kilimanjaro is the Lemosho route and Machame route over 7 or 8 days – excellent acclimatization and an easier summit night make these winners by a long way. And as reaching the top is the most important thing for most of our climbers we make this our overall winners as best route to climb Kilimanjaro.
Most scenic route to climb Kilimanjaro
The Lemosho route approaching from the West wins hands down for the best views with spectacular vistas in all directions.
Shortest route to the summit & Accommodation on the climb
The shortest and only route that you do not have to camp on is the Marangu route so if you hate tents this is the best route to climb Kilimanjaro for you. Be warned though the huts are very basic and noisy.
Quietest route to climb Kilimanjaro
If keeping away from the crowds is your top priority the Rongai route has to be your choice as the best route for your Kilimanjaro climb. But be warned the success rate is lower.
Most challenging route to climb Kilimanjaro
The toughest summit nights is on the Rongai route it reach the crater rim of Kilimanjaro on the North, opposite Uhuru Peak and more than 2 hours from the summit itself. The best routes to climb Kilimanjaro to avoid this are the Machame and Lemosho routes as they reach the crater at Stellar point less than an hour’s walk from the summit. An extra hour on what is already a very long day is often the straw that breaks the camel’s back.
Technical Clothing:
1 - Waterproof Jacket, breathable with hood
1 - Insulated Jacket, synthetic or down
1 - Soft Jacket, fleece or soft-shell
2 - Long Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
1 - Short Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
1 - Waterproof Pants, breathable (side zipper recommended)
2 - Hiking Pants
1 - Fleece Pants
1 - Shorts (optional)
1 - Long Underwear, moisture-wicking fabric
3 - Underwear, moisture-wicking fabric recommended
2 - Sport Bra (women)
Equipment
1 - Sleeping Bag, warm, four seasons -
1 - Camp Pillow, inflatable (optional)
1 - Trekking Poles, collapsible (highly recommended)
1 - Head Lamp, with extra batteries
1 - Duffel Bag, 50-90L capacity, for porters to carry your equipment
1 - Daypack, 30-35L capacity, for you to carry your personal gear
Paperwork
Passport – Valid more than 6 months.
Visa (applied online but also available at JRO)
Immunization Papers
Insurance Document (That covers 6000m recommended) *
Accessories
1 - Sunglasses or Goggles
1 - Backpack Cover, waterproof (optional)
1 - Water Bottle (Nalgene, 32 oz.)
1 - Water Bladder (Camelbak type, 3 liters)
1 - Towel, lightweight, quick-dry (optional)
1 - Pee Bottle, to avoid leaving room/tent at night (recommended)
Head Wear
1 - Brimmed Hat, for sun protection
1 - Knit Hat, for warmth
1 - Balaclava or Buff, for face coverage (optional)
Hand Wear
1 - Gloves, warm (waterproof recommended)
1 - Gloves, thin
Footwear
1 - Hiking Boots, warm, waterproof, broken-in
1 - Gym Shoes, to wear at camp (optional)
3 - Socks, wool or synthetic
1 - Gaiters, waterproof (optional)
Other Important things:
Toiletries
Prescriptions
Sunscreen
Lip Balm
Insect Repellent, containing DEET
First Aid Kit
Hand Sanitizer
Toilet Paper
Wet Wipes (recommended)
Snacks, light-weight, high calorie, high energy (optional)
Electrolytes, powder or tablets (optional)
Camera, with extra batteries (optional)

Do you have any question about equipment ..? Please let us Know..

The weather on Kilimanjaro is overwhelmed by the way that it lies near the equator and accordingly, temperatures at its foot change very little amid the year. As Kilimanjaro is so high however, similar to all mountains it makes its very own weather and there are a few diverse microclimates as you climb.
Most of the part however, other than the altitude, the greatest factor influencing the weather on Kilimanjaro is the connection of exchange winds. The example of the exchange twists around the equator is appeared as follows. As the sun moves between the tropics of cancer and Capri corn the overwhelming breeze design over Kilimanjaro changes so that despite the fact that the temperature fluctuates very little there are enormous changes in rainfall.
After all youhave to know about Kilimanjaro Weather, including the best time to climb and time to avoid the rainy season. Also you have to consider Daily Schedules and Trail Conditions on the mountain, which will give you the highest summit success chance.
Month Low (F) Average (F) High (F) Humidity (%) Rain Fall (in)
January 64 78 92 58 1.4
February 64 78 92 57 2.0
March 66 78 90 63 4.7
April 67 76 85 73 13.8
May 65 72 79 77 9.3
June 62 70 78 69 1.0
July 60 69 78 69 1.0
August 60 60 80 69 0.7
September 60 71 83 61 0.6
October 62 75 88 57 1.0
November 64 76 86 57 2.5
December 64 77 90 60 2.1
The percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere at sea level is about 21%. As altitude increases, the percentage remain the same but the of oxygen molecules per breath is reduced. At 12,000 feet or 3600m there are roughly 40% fewer oxygen molecules per breath so the body must adjust to having less oxygen. Altitude sickness known as AMS is caused by failure of the body to adapt quickly enough to the reduced oxygen at increase altitude. This sickness symptoms occurs mostly over 1200ft/3600m.
There are four factors related to AMS:
High Altitude
Fast Rate of Ascent
High Degree of Exertion
Dehydration
The main cause of altitude sickness is going too high (altitude) too quickly (rate of ascent). Given enough time, your body will adapt to the decrease in oxygen at a specific altitude. This process is known as acclimatization and generally takes one to three days at any given altitude. Several changes take place in the body which enable it to cope with decreased oxygen:
The depth of respiration increases
The body produces more red blood cells to carry oxygen
Pressure in pulmonary capillaries is increased, “forcing” blood into parts of the lung which are not normally used when breathing at sea level
The body produces more of enzyme that causes the release of oxygen from hemoglobin to the body tissues

Again, AMS is very common at high altitude. It is difficult to determine who may be affected by altitude sickness since there are no specific factors such as age, sex, or physical condition that correlate with susceptibility. Many people will experience mild AMS during the acclimatization process. The symptoms usually start 12 to 24 hours after arrival at altitude and will normally disappear within 48 hours. The symptoms of Mild AMS include:
Headache
Nausea & Dizziness
Loss of appetite
Fatigue
Shortness of breath
Disturbed sleep
General feeling of malaise
Symptoms tend to be worse at night and when respiratory drive is decreased. Mild AMS does not interfere with normal activity and symptoms generally subside as the body acclimatizes. As long as symptoms are mild, and only a nuisance, ascent can continue at a moderate rate. The signs and symptoms of Moderate AMS include:
Severe headache that is not relieved by medication
Nausea and vomiting, increasing weakness and fatigue
Shortness of breath
Decreased coordination (ataxia)

Normal activity is difficult, although the person may still be able to walk on their own. At this stage, only advanced medications or descent can reverse the problem. It is important to get the person to descend before the ataxia reaches the point where they cannot walk on their own (which would necessitate a stretcher evacuation). Descending only 1,000 feet (300 m) will result in some improvement, and 24 hours at the lower altitude will result in a significant improvement. Severe AMS results in an increase in the severity of the symptoms including:
Shortness of breath at rest
Inability to walk
Decreasing mental status
Fluid build-up in the lungs
Severe AMS requires immediate descent of around 2,000 feet (600 m) to a lower altitude. There are two serious conditions associated with severe altitude sickness: High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) and High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). Both of these happen less frequently, especially to those who are properly acclimatized. But, when they do occur, it is usually in people going too high too fast or going very high and staying there. In both cases the lack of oxygen results in leakage of fluid through the capillary walls into either the lungs or the brain.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
HAPE results from fluid buildup in the lungs. This fluid prevents effective oxygen exchange. As the condition becomes more severe, the level of oxygen in the bloodstream decreases, which leads to cyanosis, impaired cerebral function, and death. Symptoms of HAPE include:
Shortness of breath at rest
Tightness in the chest
Persistent cough bringing up white, watery, or frothy fluid
Marked fatigue and weakness
A feeling of impending suffocation at night
Confusion, and irrational behavior
Confusion, and irrational behavior are signs that insufficient oxygen is reaching the brain. In cases of HAPE, immediate descent of around 2,000 feet (600 m) is a necessary life-saving measure. Anyone suffering from HAPE must be evacuated to a medical facility for proper follow-up treatment.

High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the result of the swelling of brain tissue from fluid leakage. Symptoms of HACE include:
Headache
Weakness
Disorientation
Loss of co-ordination
Decreasing levels of consciousness
Loss of memory
Hallucinations & Psychotic behavior
Coma
This condition is rapidly fatal unless the afflicted person experiences immediate descent. Anyone suffering from HACE must be evacuated to a medical facility for follow-up treatment.